What type of analysis should a stocks investor do?

When an investor is considering buying stocks, they typically engage in two main types of analysis to make informed decisions: Fundamental Analysis and Technical Analysis.

  By Rajesh Dua  Published on 30/12/2023
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Introduction to Stock Analysis

Investing in stocks requires a keen understanding of the market and the companies you're interested in. There are two main types of analysis that investors use to make informed decisions: Fundamental Analysis and Technical Analysis. This article delves into the specifics of each type to help you understand and implement them in your investment strategy.

Fundamental Analysis

Fundamental analysis involves a deep dive into a company's financial health and operational performance to determine its intrinsic value. Here are the key components:

  • Earnings: Assessing profitability and future earnings potential.
  • Financial Statements: Analyzing balance sheets, income statements, and cash flow.
  • Ratios: Employing P/E, P/B, and other valuation metrics.
  • Management and Business Model: Evaluating the company's leadership and strategy.
  • Industry and Economic Factors: Understanding market dynamics and impacts.

Technical Analysis

Technical analysis predicts future stock price movements based on historical patterns and market data. Here are the core elements:

  • Price Charts and Patterns: Identifying trends and reversals in stock prices.
  • Volume Analysis: Assessing the strength of price movements.
  • Indicators and Oscillators: Utilizing tools like RSI and MACD for predictions.
  • Support and Resistance Levels: Spotting key price points where stocks typically reverse.

Combining Analysis for Strategic Investing

While both fundamental and technical analyses offer unique insights, combining them provides a more holistic view of the market and stocks. By understanding the intrinsic value of companies and market sentiment, investors can make more informed and strategic decisions.


Whether you're a long-term investor or a short-term trader, mastering both fundamental and technical analysis is crucial for success in the stock market. By continuously learning and applying these strategies, you can enhance your ability to select profitable stocks and time your trades effectively.